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Alfred Howland

 (1838 - 1909)
Alfred Cornelius Howland was active/lived in New York, California, Massachusetts, New Hampshire / Europe.  Alfred Howland is known for rural landscape, bucolic genre and figure painting-tonalism, lithography.

Alfred Howland

Biography from the Archives of askART

Biography photo for Alfred Howland
Alfred Cornelius Howland, a tonalist painter of light-filled, cheerful story-telling landscapes and genre scenes, was born in 1838 in Walpole, New Hampshire. In 1855, he graduated from Walpole Academy and then went to Boston, where he found employment as an engraver and studied drawing and lithography with Max Eppendorff and Paul Schulze.

In 1856, he moved to New York City where again he worked as an engraver and also took antique and life classes at the National Academy of Design.

In 1860, he began three years of study in Germany; a year was spent with Andreas Muller at the Dusseldorf Academy and a year and a half was in the Dusseldorf studio of Albert Flamm. Then Howland went to Paris, where he studied for two years with Emile Lambinet. He also met Barbizon painter Camille Corot, who introduced Howland to Barbizon painters Jean Francois Millet and Theodore Rousseau. Because of these influences, he adopted their tonalist style for the remainder of his career.

His penchant for friendship with well-known artists was exercised again with Winslow Homer and landscape painter Homer D. Martin when Howland eventually returned to America in 1864. In 1865, he became a teacher at Cooper Union and became active in the Artists Fund Society and the Century Association.  He began participating in regular exhibitions at the National Academy of Design, gaining distinction as a full Academician and election to the Academy Council. 

Howland married Clara Ward in Williamstown, Massachusetts, an area that became their summer home and where he frequently painted landscape scenes. Many of his plein-aire paintings depicted children at play, and it was said of him that he had such a cheerful, outgoing personality that children were readily impressed by him and willing to serve as models.  He also painted on Long Island, and in Vermont, New Hampshire and upstate New York.

In later years, Howland spent time in California, where he died in 1909 in Pasadena.

His work is at the Layton Art Gallery, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, and Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

John Davis, "Alfred Cornelius Howland" Paintings and Sculpture in the Collection of the National Academy of Design, 1826-1925. (David Dearinger, Editor)
Edan Hughes, Artists in California,1786-1940
Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art

Biography from the Archives of askART
Biography photo for Alfred Howland
Alfred Cornelius Howland was born in Walpole, NH on Feb. 12, 1838.  Howland studied at the Royal Academy in Düsseldorf and in Paris for three years with Emile Lambinet.  While in France he was greatly influenced by the Barbizon painters. 

Howland had studios in Williamstown, MA and NYC at the turn of the century.  During his later years he spent winters in Pasadena, CA where he died on March 17, 1909. 

Member:  Member, National Academy of Design (1882). 

Ruskin Art Club (LA), 1904; Panama-Pacific International Exposition, 1915. 

Works held in public places:  Yale Univ.; Smithsonian Inst.; Milwaukee Art Center; High Museum (Atlanta); Princeton Historical Society. 

Edan Hughes, author of the book "Artists in California, 1786-1940"
Benezit; American Art Annual 1898-1909; Fieldings Dictionary of American Painters & Sculptors; New York Historical Society's Dictionary of Artists in America; Art News, 3-27-1909 (obit).

Nearly 20,000 biographies can be found in Artists in California 1786-1940 by Edan Hughes and is available for sale ($150). For a full book description and order information please click here.

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About  Alfred Howland

Born:  1838 - Walpole, New Hampshire
Died:   1909 - Pasadena, California
Known for:  rural landscape, bucolic genre and figure painting-tonalism, lithography